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September/October 2023   -   -  

September 1: South Vietnamese delegates boycott Joint Military Commission meetings because of “the impoliteness of the Viet Cong representatives” at yesterday’s stormy five-hour session. Great Britain’s Foreign Office announces opening diplomatic relations with North Vietnam.

September 3: Three labor leaders are sentenced to 18 months imprisonment by a military court for “acting as accomplices to wrongdoers” in a communist plot to subvert the Saigon labor movement.

September 4: A U.S. Joint Military Team statement accuses Hanoi and the Viet Cong of delaying the return of American remains. DoD confirms that bombings in Cambodia in 1970 and 1971 went beyond the self-imposed, 30-mile limit inside the border.

September 6: Egin Krogh, Jr., surrenders and pleads not guilty to charges he broke into the office of Dr. Lewis Fielding to search for the psychiatrist’s file on Daniel Ellsberg. The district attorney in Los Angeles confirms a secret grand jury on September 4 indicted former White House aides — Krogh, John Ehrlichman, David Young, and G. Gordon Liddy — on charges pertaining to the Watergate break-in.

September 7: South Vietnamese artillery pounds VC cadres twelve miles west of Saigon — the first time the government admits to opening fire without being fired upon first. Documents of a phone conversation report former Nixon aide Charles Colson, the day after the Supreme Court allowed The Pentagon Papers to be published, asked E. Howard Hunt whether “we should go down the line to nail the guy [Ellsberg] cold.”

September 10: The DoD concedes fighter-bombers flew raids over Cambodia in support of the government in 1970 and 1971 and hid them through a dual-reporting system.

September 11: In Saigon and Paris, South Vietnam and the U.S. protest against North Vietnam, which is reported to be repairing twelve airfields abandoned by U.S. personnel. In Colorado, a coroner’s jury criticizes the military for its handling of the case of Sgt. Abel Kavanaugh, a former POW who committed suicide after being charged with collaborating with the enemy.

September 12: South Vietnamese and VC forces battle for six hours along the Central Coast for control of Route 1.

September 18: The Senate Foreign Relations Committee votes 16-1 to confirm Henry Kissinger as secretary of state.

September 20: Saigon’s Foreign Ministry charges North Vietnam with making “intensive warlike preparations to reopen hostilities” in the South. The Viet Cong calls the accusation “slander and insolent threats.” Lawyers say their clients will contend the break-in of the office of Daniel Ellsberg’s psychiatrist was lawful and within the “scope of authority” of the president.

September 21: The Senate confirms Kissinger as secretary of state. Japan and North Vietnam establish diplomatic relations. The U.S. officially closes Nam Phong Air Base in Thailand; the 2,100 Marines stationed there fly to Japan.

September 22: Hanoi claims it will not help look for the remains of U.S. servicemembers while the South continues to hold political prisoners.

September 23: Sen. John Stennis (D-Miss.), chair of the Senate Armed Services Committee, urges Congress not to reinstate the draft but to give, for at least two more years, a “full test and fair trial” to the all-volunteer military.

September 24: Kissinger tells the UN General Assembly the U.S. will not be satisfied “with a world of uneasy truces, of offsetting blocs, of accommodations of convenience.” Three government positions are attacked by Pathet Lao and NVA troops in the first reported violation of the Laotian peace accord.

September 26: Navy Secretary John Warner drops misconduct charges brought by Adm. James Stockdale against two former POWs for aiding the enemy.

September 27: The Senate votes to reduce overseas forces by 110,000 (23 percent) by the end of 1975.

October 1: In grand jury testimony, former domestic policy adviser John Ehrlichman says President Nixon approved covert activities by White House aides to gather information on Daniel Ellsberg.

October 4: The Senate and the House agree on compromise legislation to limit the president’s war-making powers. Lawyers for 1st Lt. William Calley, Jr., ask the Court of Military Appeals to overturn his 20-year sentence for killing South Vietnamese civilians.

October 7: An American civilian and two South Vietnamese working for the International Commission of Control and Supervision are kidnapped by the VC. The American Chemical Society calls on the U.S. government to institute a total ban on military use of all chemical weapons, including herbicides.

October 9: Vice President Spiro Agnew resigns and admits to tax evasion in an agreement with the Justice Department. The Senate approves the compromise bill on presidential war-making powers.

October 11: A federal grand jury indicts former White House aide Egin Krogh, Jr., on two charges of “false declarations” relating to the break-in of the office of Ellsberg’s psychiatrist.

October 12: Nixon names Gerald Ford to succeed Agnew as Vice President. The House passes the compromise war-powers legislation.

October 15: The U.S. government drops its case against the 15 Weatherman charged with plotting a campaign of bombings and terrorism. The Pentagon says 2,000 Marines are being sent to the Mediterranean to bolster the Sixth Fleet because of the war in the Middle East.

October 16: Kissinger and Le Duc Tho are named by the Nobel Committee as the recipients of the Peace Prize. Kissinger calls the honor recognition of “the central purpose” of Nixon’s foreign policy— “achievement of a lasting peace.”

October 17: Critics in and out of the Norwegian Parliament blast the Nobel Committee’s choices for the peace prize.

October 18: Vietnam War veterans tell an ad hoc congressional amnesty panel they received bad discharges because of their opposition to the war and because of racism in the military.

October 24: Nixon vetoes the bill limiting presidential powers to commit the military overseas without congressional approval.

October 27: A VC spokesman accuses the U.S. of cease-fire violations by leaving 20,000 military personnel in South Vietnam under civilian guise to manage the military operations in the South. Sixty professors and graduate students from Harvard and MIT send a letter to the Norwegian Parliament in protest of the choice of Kissinger for the Nobel Peace Prize.

October 29: Sources contend the new Thai government plans to improve relations with China and North Vietnam.

October 30: The U.S. accuses Hanoi of cease-fire violations in moving troops and supplies into the South.

October 31: In a televised speech, South Vietnamese president Nguyen Van Thieu tells his country that “nearly 50,000 people have perished” almost one year after the signing of the “so-called cease-fire.” He declares the war is not over and predicts the communists are preparing for another offensive.




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